Neuropsychology Review

, Volume 17, Issue 3, pp 337–345 | Cite as

The Role of Cognitive Control in Cocaine Dependence

  • Hugh GaravanEmail author
  • Robert Hester


While hedonic and reward-related processes are central to drug use and dependence, this article focuses on the contribution that cognitive processes may make to addiction. In particular, attention is drawn to those processes involved in exercising control over behavior as drug dependence is characterized by risky, impulsive behavior. Functional neuroimaging implicates prefrontal deficits in cocaine dependence with an emerging picture of cocaine users having attentional biases towards drug-related stimuli, poor performance in laboratory tests of inhibitory control, and compromised monitoring and evaluation of their behavior. Combined, these deficits may contribute to the continuation of use in dependent individuals and may qualify as important targets for therapeutic interventions.


Cocaine Addiction Control Cognition Neuroimaging 


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Psychology and Trinity College Institute of NeuroscienceTrinity College DublinDublin 2Ireland
  2. 2.Trinity College Institute of NeuroscienceDublin 2Ireland
  3. 3.Queensland Brain Institute and School of PsychologyUniversity of QueenslandSt LuciaAustralia

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