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Neuron. 2002 Jan 3;33(1):113-22.

Bradykinin and ATP accelerate Ca(2+) efflux from rat sensory neurons via protein kinase C and the plasma membrane Ca(2+) pump isoform 4.

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Department of Pharmacology, University of Minnesota, 6-120 Jackson Hall, 321 Church Street SE, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA.


Modulation of Ca(2+) channels by neurotransmitters provides critical control of neuronal excitability and synaptic strength. Little is known about regulation of the Ca(2+) efflux pathways that counterbalance Ca(2+) influx in neurons. We demonstrate that bradykinin and ATP significantly facilitate removal of action potential-induced Ca(2+) loads by stimulating plasma membrane Ca(2+)-ATPases (PMCAs) in rat sensory neurons. This effect was mimicked in the soma and axonal varicosities by phorbol esters and was blocked by antagonists of protein kinase C (PKC). Reduced expression of PMCA isoform 4 abolished, and overexpression of isoform 4b enhanced, PKC-dependent facilitation of Ca(2+) efflux. This acceleration of PMCA4 underlies the shortening of the action potential afterhyperpolarization produced by activation of bradykinin and purinergic receptors. Thus, isoform-specific modulation of PMCA-mediated Ca(2+) efflux represents a novel mechanism to control excitability in sensory neurons.

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